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why was hiroshima chosen as the bombing site

January 17, 2021 ,
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This might help to convince everybody that the next war would be fatal. Shaded regions indicate the city's most devastated sectors. A giant column of smoke rises after the atomic bomb attack over Nagasaki (AP) Hiroshima was chosen as a target also because it had mountains around it that would help concentrate the effects of the bomb on the city. Nagasaki was devastated instead. But Norris adds that thousands of bombs are still on alert, and the military still has war plans to use them. Shaded regions indicate the city's most devastated sectors. The attack order stipulated the U.S. Air Force would deliver the first bomb “after around August 3, 1945 on one of the targets” as the weather permitted. "It did have that effect on the decades that followed," says Robert Norris, a longtime arms control advocate and fellow with the Federation of American Scientists who also studied the history of the first bombings. The bomb was ready for military use. U.S. strategists wanted to flatten an entire city with a single atomic bomb: Hiroshima was the right size. Over the next few weeks, Global Zero will explore what led to the bomb’s development, the consequences of its use, and where we’ve come since those fateful days in August. At the time, they believed H-bombs on top of missiles could destroy the world. First, it was a strategic decision. But in early 1945, the U.S. was still months away from building its first bomb and certainly didn't know what to hit. A. Hiroshima was a major Japanese military hub with factories, military bases and ammunition facilities. Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been targeted during the US Air Force's conventional bombing raids on Japan, and was therefore regarded as … But they wanted it to be horrible, to end the war and to try to stop the future use of nuclear bombs. The site was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1996. Internal deliberations and weather conditions ultimately led the U.S. to use a nuclear weapon on Hiroshima and, later, Nagasaki. Ultimately U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson persuaded Truman to take Kyoto out of consideration as it was Japan’s cultural center and a cherished city. Hiroshima was also very important from a military perspective since it was home to the 2nd Army Headquarters, which were responsible for the defense of southern Japan. While President Truman had hoped for a purely military target, some advisers believed that bombing an urban area might break the fighting will of the Japanese people. The bomb was ready for military use. It would be horrible. Before the Trinity Test, the Manhattan Project’s Target Committee had been discussing which Japanese cities would be the most effective targets for the atomic bomb. The Army estimated the bomb killed 70,000 to 80,000 people. "Hiroshima is compact," Wellerstein says. This is the fifth post in our series “‘My God What Have We Done:’ The Legacy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”. After the conclusion of the World War II in 1945, the relations between Japan and the US worsened, especially as Japanese forces decided to take an aim at Indo-china with the intention of capturing the oil-rich areas of the East Indies. The war ended. In May 1945, the committee issued their recommendations. 38 views It was the second nuclear bomb dropped by the US, three days after the attack on Hiroshima. [91] Three days later the U.S. released another on Nagasaki, devastating the city and ushering in the nuclear age. Atomic bombs needed to be sited visually rather than relying on radar, which made clear skies necessary. AP Within a few years, they expected to have a "super-bomb": the hydrogen (or thermonuclear) bomb. Hiroshima was chosen because it had not been extensively bombed and was an important military base. As in Hiroshima, most of the victims were civilians, including many children and elderly. Targeting was finalized on July 25, 1945: Hiroshima, Kokura, Nilgata, Nagasaki. Ultimately U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson persuaded Truman to take Kyoto out of consideration as it was Japan’s cultural center and a cherished city. This photo diagram shows the extent of the damage at Hiroshima. NPR's Geoff Brumfiel has the story of why that city was chosen as a target. Hiroshima was chosen as the primary target since it had remained largely untouched by bombing raids, and the bomb's effects could be clearly measured. In May 1945, the committee issued their recommendations. The target committee decided the A-bomb had to kill. Hiroshima was a major port and a military … The committee settled on two "psychological" objectives of the first atomic bombing: to scare the Japanese into unconditional surrender and to impress upon the world the power of the new weapon. It would be horrible. Nagasaki was bombed because the primary target, the city of Kokura was hidden under cloud cover.

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